英语四六级词汇O1
作者:亚搏体育app官网入口 发布时间:2022-10-31 22:00
本文摘要:object [əbˈdʒekt] n. 物体,目的,宾语,工具vi. 阻挡,拒绝,抗议vt. 提出……来阻挡objection [əbˈdʒekʃ(ə)n] n. 阻挡,异议①be open to objection 有可议之处,有不合理之处②feel an objection to (doing)不愿做③have an [have no] objection to 阻挡[不阻挡]objective [əbˈdʒektiv] a. ①客观的②客观上存在的;真实的an ob

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object [əbˈdʒekt] n. 物体,目的,宾语,工具vi. 阻挡,拒绝,抗议vt. 提出……来阻挡objection [əbˈdʒekʃ(ə)n] n. 阻挡,异议①be open to objection 有可议之处,有不合理之处②feel an objection to (doing)不愿做③have an [have no] objection to 阻挡[不阻挡]objective [əbˈdʒektiv] a. ①客观的②客观上存在的;真实的an objective law 客观纪律n. 目的,任务【词义辨析】aim, goal, objective和purposeaim:指清楚地确定下来,并愿为它的实现而支付努力或精神的事情。goal:强调自己而不是别人确定的,必须经由坚韧不拔努力和艰辛的奋斗才气到达或完成。有时也指一般倾向,并不含有最后的效果。

objective:表现详细、直接或很快可以到达的目的,不行用于军事用语,表现“攻击目的”。purpose:一小我私家有刻意或计划充实使用其能力和时机,则他的生活就有目的(purpose),而一小我私家清楚地确定了希望到达的愿望而为此决议自己的行动,他就有了生活的目的(aim)。【试题精练】The writer tried to be as______as possible in evaluating his latest work.A. objectiveB. realisticC. naturalD. modest【谜底】A. objective a. 客观的,不带偏见的(与subjective相对)(如to give objective criticism; It's difficult for one to be wholly objective about anything.)。realistic a. 现实的,实际可行的;现实主义的,传神的。

natural a. 自然的,天然的;正常的;天生的,天赋的。modest a. 谦虚的,谦恭的;适中的,不外分的。obligation [ˌɔbliˈɡeiʃ(ə)n] n. ①义务,职责②恩惠Parents have a legal_____to ensure that their children are provided with efficient education suitable to their age.A. impulseB. obligationC. influenceD. sympathy【谜底】B. obligation n. (强调执法方面的)义务,责任(have an obligation to help support one's parents; be faithful to one's obligations; one's obligation to one's children; be under [an] obligation to do sth)。

impulse n. 激动,突然的欲望;脉冲(have/feel an impulse to+动词原形;be seized with an impulse to+动词原形;do sth on impulse)。influence n. 影响,作用力;权势,势力。sympathy (for/with) n. 同情,同情心。

oblige [əˈblaidʒ] vt. 迫使,责成;施恩于【习习用语】①be obliged to sb谢谢(某人)②be obliged to do sth 不得不(做某事),必须(做某事)③oblige (sb) with给……obscure [əbˈskjuə] a. ①昏暗的②模糊的,难明的③不着名的v. ①变模糊,变不清楚②变得模糊不清③包,封observation [ˌɔbzəˈveiʃ(ə)n] n. ①视察,注视;评论;(常pl.)视察资料(数据)②视察力a man of keen observation 视察力敏锐的人【习习用语】①come [fall] under sb's observation 被某人注意到②escape observation 未被觉察,不为人所注意③keep sb under observation 监视[视察]某人【长难例句】Observations were made of the children at the beginning and at the end of pre-school and first grade. 有人对孩子们在学龄前和小学一年级开始和竣事时的情况做了视察记载。【试题精练】Although I spoke to him many times he never took any_____of what I said.A. noticeB. regardC. observationD. attention【谜底】A. notice n. 注意;察觉;(关于去职或开除的)提前通知;布告(以事物作主语)(catch/attract/bring to sb's notice 引起某人的注意;be worth/beneath sb's notice 值得/不屑于某人注意;take notice of 注意到;at a moment's/a month's notice 只提前一会儿/一个月通知;give a month's notice 提前一个月通知〈要开除或辞退〉)。regard n. 体贴,眷注;(pl.)敬意,致意,问候。

observation n. 注意,视察;(pl.)视察资料(或数据)。attention n. 注意,留心。

observe [əbˈzəːv] v. ①视察;遵守,推行;评述②注意到;看到③纪念;庆祝【习习用语】①strange to observe 说来奇怪②the observed of all observers 众所瞩目者,众矢之的【长难例句】The long-awaited Hubble Space Telescope, due to orbit the Earth next March, will observe some of the oldest stars in the sky. 人们期待已久的哈勃望远镜将在明年3月进入地球轨道,观察天空中最古老的一些星球。【试题精练】The scientist has_____the behavior of birds all his life.A. noticedB. seenC. notifiedD. observed【谜底】D. observe vt. 视察,注意到,察觉到;说,评论;遵守,推行(注:作“视察”解时其宾语应是动态的而不是静态的事物:observe anything strange; observe sb do/+动词ing形式;to observe the rule/the custom; observe that...注意:在复合结构中不定式不带to,但在变为被动态时不定式要加to;复合结构中不定式若是be,则be前要加to,如The accused man was observed to enter the bank. The only thing that I have observed to be without limit is the businessman's desire for profits.)。notice vt. 注意到,察觉到。see vt. 瞥见,看到。

notify vt. 通知,见告,陈诉(notify sb of sth; notify sb to+动词原形;notify sb that...)。observer [əbˈzəːvə(r)] n. 视察员,视察家obsess [əbˈses] v. ①经常在(某人)脑海中萦绕②(恐怖、妄想等)困扰,缠住(人)obsession [əbˈseʃ(ə)n] n. ①(恐怖、妄想等)缠绕,(被恐怖、妄想等)缠住 ②妄想,顽念obsolete [ˈɔbsəliːt] a. 废弃的;过时了的obstacle [ˈɔbstək(ə)l] n. 障碍,障碍物【习习用语】throw obstacles in sb's way 妨害,阻碍某人【试题精练】His inability to learn foreign languages was a(n)_____to his career.A. shortageB. harmC. obstacleD. adversity【谜底】C. obstacle (to) n. 障碍(物),故障(如A tree fallen across the road was an obstacle to our car. Lack of education is an obstacle to success.)。shortage n. 不足;缺少。harm n. 伤害,损害,危害。

adversity n. 不幸,逆境。obstruct [əbˈstrʌkt] vt. ①阻塞,堵塞②阻碍,阻止,故障obstruction [əbˈstrʌkʃ(ə)n] n. ①堵塞,阻碍②障碍物,阻塞物③蓄意阻挠议事Oceania [ˌəuʃiˈeiniə] n. 大洋洲odd [ɔd] a. 奇数的;单(个)的;零头的;离奇的;暂时的odds [ɔdz] n. ①时机,可能性②优劣的差距;差异;不平等③(赌马时的)投注赔率④(角逐或赌钱时给对方的)让步odor/odour [ˈəudə(r)] n. 气味offence/se [əˈfens] n. ①过错,犯罪②冒犯,惹恼③引起反感的工具offend [əˈfend] v. ①冒犯;惹恼②使人不快;伤……的情感Her words offended me. 她的话伤了我的情感。【习习用语】①be offended at [by, over]被……惹恼,因……生气②be offended with sb for sth 因某事而对某人生气③offend against 违反[犯];不合offender [əˈfendə(r)] n. 违反;犯罪者offensive [əˈfensiv] a. ①极讨厌的,令人作呕的②进攻的【试题精练】Bad eggs have a(n)_____odor.A. definiteB. disquietingC. enduringD. offensive【谜底】D. offensive a. 冒监犯的,无礼的,使人讨厌的(如 His ideas were offensive to the government. have an offensive manner, Don't use offensive language.)。

definite a. 明确的,确切的;肯定的。disquieting a. 使人焦虑不安的。

enduring a. 持久的。offset [ˈɔfset] n. ①赔偿,抵消(物)②平版印刷n. 赔偿……,抵消……offspring [ˈɔfspriŋ] n. ①子女,子孙,子女②(动物的)崽omit [əˈmit] vt. 省略,删去;遗漏,忽略ongoing [ˈɔnɡəuiŋ] a. 举行中的onlooker [ˈɔnlukə(r)] n. 旁观者opaque [əuˈpeik] a. ①不透明的②无光泽的operation [ˌɔpəˈreiʃ(ə)n] n. ①操作,运转;手术②作战行动;军事演习the army's operations 军事行动③行动,运动【习习用语】①be in operation 在运转中;在行动中;在实施中;在生效中②come [go] into operation 开始事情[运转];生效③in operation在运动[运转]着;施行着【试题精练】The orders will come into_____on the 15th.A. actionB. operationC. useD. existence【谜底】B. operation n. 运转,运行(come/go into operation 施行,实行,生效;bring/put into operation 实施,使生效,使运行)。

come/go into action 开始战斗,开始行动。come into use(以事物作主语)开始(被)使用。

come into existence (以事物作主语)开始存在。operational [ˌɔpəˈreiʃən(ə)l] a. ①操作上的②(机械等)可使用的,可运转的operator [ˈɔpəreitə(r)] n. ①操作人员;电话接线员②骗子;智慧圆滑的人a clever operator 精明的人。


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